One of the ailments common to people most especially the elder is joint pain. Joint pains appear to inform of pains or discomfort in one of the various joints of the body. There are so many negative side effects of joint pains in the lives of an individual. One of the common symptoms of joint pain is finding it hard to work. In severe cases, it is impossible to work with joint pain. Joint pain is common among individuals of all ages, but older people are more likely to suffer from joint pain.
There are so many ways to treat different cases of joint pain at home ranging from mild to moderate knee pain. Maybe because of sprain or arthritis, there are many ways to fight the pain.
Care must be taken as it is important for you to be cautious in the event that you attempt to treat your pains at home. Consult your doctor for moderate or severe pain which occurs as a result of an injury. In some cases, surgery or other interventions may be needed to resolve them. In severe cases of arthritis, surgery may be a recommended as a better option. Consult your doctor if you experience knee pain after surgery.
However, if the pain is caused by inflammation, arthritis, or minor injury, there are various alternatives which you can try at home and they have been found to be effective. Listed below are some simple home remedies that have been found to be effective treatment of joint pains.
Physical activities have been found to reduce the development of osteoarthritis which is a common cause of knee pain. In addition, physical activity is important for strengthening the body’s support for its joints. For the knee, strengthening the leg muscles is especially useful. Individuals with joint pain can benefit from water aerobics and this is due to the fact that it does not put a strain on the knees.
Physiotherapists can assist you in getting the best exercises and programs. Exercises for strengthening the upper leg muscles can help protect the knee joint. They are referred to as quadriceps muscles, these muscles are located in front and sides of the thigh.
Below are some useful ideas:
- When you are sitting or lying down, lift a straightened leg.
- Put your feet in step one after the other, go down again and repeat the step-ups.
- When you are on a seated position, standing and sitting should be repeated just for one minute, by making use of slow, controlled movements and absent using the hands to provide support.
- Hold the chair, bending until your kneecap covers your toe and repeat 10 times
Posture and support
There are some simple measures which have been found to be useful in reducing strain on the knee and this measure includes avoiding chairs that are low to the ground or couches in which the sitter “sinks.” Sleeping on the pillow can help you with this. Try to avoid placing a pillow below your knees as it can worsen the situation. A good sitting position is also important. Supporting shoes are useful. Footwears that have damaged arches can cause abnormal force and wear on the knee which results in pain. Avoid long periods without movement. In osteoarthritis, for instance, when you sit for a long period of time can result in stiffness and painful joints.
When you are overweight, it puts unnecessary strain on your joints and bones. In the event that you also suffer from joint pains and bone disorders, for example, osteoporosis, overweight can also speed up bone degeneration. Even when you lose a few pounds of your weight, it can alleviate the pain and prevent future problems. In most cases, when excessive body weight or obesity contributes to the health problem, it is recommended by experts that a loss of about 5 to 10% of total body weight as it helps improve the symptoms.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and other medications can help relieve pains which are caused by arthritis. Some of them must be used in the office of the doctor, but some can be used at home, with or without a prescription.
In 2015, it was made known by researchers after comparing the effectiveness of numerous drugs for treating knee pain.
They examined the effects of the following drugs on pain and stiffness:
- acetaminophen (Tylenol)
- intra-articular corticosteroids
- intra-articular hyaluronic acid
The outcome was that all this could be useful except acetaminophen. Intra-articular drugs, those injected into the joint, seem to be the most effective.
In a study involving 1,583 people with osteoarthritis, a combination of glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate for safety and efficacy was tested.
Treatment looks promising, as approximately 80% of participants reported 20% or more pain reduction. People interested in this treatment should talk to their doctor.
- Try RICE for strains and sprains
In the event that your legs are twisted, if you have a sudden fall or if you have stretched your knees, taking first aid at home can be helpful. Put at the back of your mind, the acronym “RICE” for the treatment of strains and sprains:
Stand up from your feet and apply a cold compress or bag of ice to your knee. Frozen vegetables, for example, peas, can also be used as an alternative in case you don’t have ice handy. Wrap the knee with compression bandage in order to prevent swelling but not too much, reducing circulation. As you rest, raise your foot.
Tai Chi is an ancient Chinese form of physical and mental exercise which enhances balance and flexibility. In a study published in arthritis and rheumatism, it was discovered by researchers that engaging in tai chi is especially useful for osteoarthritis patients. Reduces pain and increases the range of motion. The mental discipline thought by tai chi could also help fight chronic pain.
Heat and cold therapy
When you make use of a heating pad to rest your knee during reclining has been found to help in protecting the joint from stiffening up. Pain and swelling can also be reduced by wrapping a gel-style or cool compress around the joints. Change between cold and heat. Use the cold more often in the first 24 hours after the injury.
- The effect of Heat: If it is an injury that has last for some time and which showed up again or any kind of muscle pain as a result of stress, you can make an attempt by making use of warm sesame oil or mustard oil with the root of the turmeric on the wrist.
- Get enough magnesium
The body needs magnesium, but we cannot do it alone. Magnesium has been found to be used in more than 300 different bio mechanical responses in the body. Magnesium relaxes all the muscles and nerve endings in the body thereby alleviating stiffness and pain. It has also been found to be part of the heartbeat. It not only relaxes the muscles and relieves pain (it also applies to arthritis pain; of course), it also helps in bone mineralization. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition has conducted one of the many magnesium studies that have shown that people with nutrition rich in Renew magnesium supplements had greater bone density and overall stronger bone. There are many ways to get more magnesium and use it specifically for arthritis.
MasudRana is a writer and researcher on the subject of Health, Nutrition and general wellness. He likes to go out with his friends, travel, swim and practice yoga. In his free time, you can find Kathy curled up reading his favorite novel, or writing in his journal. He is a regular Contributor at Reviews Goal. To know more about him follow him on Google+, Facebook and Twitter.