Cardiology is an exclusive branch of internal medicine. A physician who practices cardiology is known as cardiologist. In the initial stage, practice of cardiology gets through internal medicine residency program. After finishing that program, an individual has to attend fellowship program to get more specialized training wherein he/she decides the kind of cardiology they want to practice.

What are the roles?

The roles of cardiologists are to cater healthcare to diagnose, avert and treat ailments of the heart & cardiovascular system like that of arteries.  You can easily find the top 10 cardiologists in India for your health care. There are different types of cardiology.  But one requires understanding that a cardiologist is not a surgeon. The person who carries out an open heart surgery is called cardio-thoracic surgeons and not that of a cardiologist.

What are the types of cardiologists?

There are various kinds of cardiologists. Primarily, there are four kinds of cardiologists considering their qualification and field of study. These are like:

Non-Invasive Cardiologist

A non-invasive cardiologist is the professional who is more into office-based practice. Their role is to see the patients to avert & manage heart related issues. A normal non-invasive cardiologist visits nearly twenty five to thirty patients in a day. This kind of cardiologists does not follow any type of procedures.  These professionals chiefly perform diagnostic tests to find heart related issues. On the basis of the test results, non-invasive cardiologists do prescribe dietary program, drug therapy or even go for a surgical procedure. Non-invasive cardiologist can even refer patient to another physician.

Invasive- Non-Interventional Cardiologists

The task of an invasive cardiologist encompasses all the work of a non-invasive cardiologist and a bit more. Invasive cardiologist mainly works in cardiac labs. These professionals are trained in performing diagnostic procedure called cardiac catheterization that triggers blockages in the arteries. This is the type of cardiologists who spend their time in office & “catheterization lab”. However, in case any blockage is found, the responsibility of an invasive cardiologist is not to fix the issue and refer the patient to a professional interventional cardiologist.

Interventional Cardiologists

This is the type of cardiologist who can perform more advanced procedures and treatments compare to invasive & non-invasive cardiologist. Interventional cardiologists do spend a lot of their time in hospitals carrying out procedures from open blocked arteries to that of balloon angioplasty or even placing slight mesh stents into arteries.

Electrophysiologists (EP)

Electrophysiology is another division of cardiology. It is the research of bio-electrical impulses of heart and it control the pace of one’s heartbeat. The moment electrical impulses cease to function properly, fatal & untreated ailments similar to heart arrhythmia. In the Recent past, inserting a pacemaker was the only alternative to correct irregularities of the heart. The emergence of electrophysiology has diminished the use of pacemaker. EPs carry out a variety of other surgical processes like that of ablation that triggers malfunctioning of heart, drug therapy to upkeep arrhythmias.

What are the reasons you should see a cardiologist?

There are many reasons that you go to a cardiologist. Have a look:

Family history

You must do some investigation and find out the family you had in the past.  Once you go through your family tree, you would get to know about the medical history in your family.  Don’t hesitate to ask about the heart history of the family members. Heart ailment can have a robust genetic component. In case you are seeing a pattern of heart disease, including high blood pressure and cholesterol, it is important you take action and get it checked by cardiologist.

High blood pressure

You know regular blood pressure checks should take place from age twenty on up. In case you are noticing a trend and your blood pressure is tiptoeing up, or maybe it is just plain old high, it is domineering that you get it under control. A cardiologist can be really helpful for you to manage your blood pressure. High blood pressure is a firm risk factor for both heart ailment and stroke, and making sure that you have an idea about your number because it is important in averting a cardiac event.

So, go and talk to the top 10 cardiologists in India and find out about your heart health.