Problems with teeth mainly occur as a consequence of insufficient hygiene of the teeth and gums and also as a result of smoking. Oral hygiene is very much related to your life and foods you consume. Some of these problems can be more serious than you think, so you can ask family dentistry Harrisburg NC if you have some questions.

Some of the most common dental diseases are:

  • Severe gum disease- Periodontitis 

Periodontitis is an infection of the tissues that hold the teeth in place. It’s usually caused by brushing and flossing in a way that allows bacteria to accumulate on the teeth. Symptoms are: 

  • Frequent mouth sores
  • Gums that bleed after brushing 
  • Swollen gums


  • Cavities 

Cavities can affect deeper layers of your teeth and gums and it manifests as small holes on your teeth. It can lead to a toothache,infection or tooth loss. You can see cavities on children or adults. Symptoms are:

  •  Grey colored spots on your teeth 
  • Sensitivity

          To prevent it brush your teeth twice a day and regulate sweets, snacks and juices.

  • Gum disease- Gingivitis 

Plaque is an invisible, sticky film which contains bacteria and it could lead to this disease. Risk factors are genetics, old age, poor oral care habits, dry mouth…

Symptoms are: 

  • Bad breath 
  • Swollen gums
  • Dark red gums


  • Oral cancer 

This is maybe the most serious disease. It can target the mouth, tongue, throat and it can spread all over your body and it can cause miscarriage if you’re pregnant. This disease usually manifests as a tingling sore on a red or white surface and it is caused by HPV(Human Papilloma Virus). Symptoms are:

  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Bleeding 
  • Bad breath – Halitosis

It could be caused by oral cancer, cavities or some other disease. It’s very embarrassing and it’s definitely a bad sign. To cover it up you can use a mouthwash and go to see your dentist.

  • Tooth sensitivity     

Tooth sensitivity is one of the problems that affect millions of people. It could be sensitivity from air, sweet, cold, ice cream or some sweet drinks. The cause can be a broken tooth and you definitely need to treat that with your dentist. Symptoms are:

  • Pain 
  • Discomfort when biting food 
  • Mouth sores 

They usually disappear on their own and they last up to two weeks. They are not contagious, and they are caused by some small injuries or when you accidentally bite yourself, or it means that your immunity system is weak. Symptoms are:

  • The red rim with white dot in center
  • Pain while chewing on that side of the mouth

Connection between oral hygiene and women’s health

Hormone levels rise and fall during menstrual cycles. Also, during ovulation and a few days before menstruation, the hormone level is high. This can negatively affect your gums, resulting in swelling. Have in mind that birth control and pregnancy can affect your oral health too. After some interventions like when the dentist extracts the tooth, a clot forms over the space. If you take hormonal birth control, you have a higher risk of dropping this clot, which can be painful. During pregnancy, the smell of your toothpaste can bother you when brushing your teeth, as we heard from women’s center Fort Lauderdale.

You always need to be aware that your health is on the first place,so if you notice any changes- go to your dentist. Also,don’t forget about oral hygiene as an indispensable part of your everyday life. You should brush your teeth after every meal, or at least twice a day. Use dental floss and mouthwash every day and remember – Healthy body = healthy mind!