Narcolepsy is a neurological and sleep disorder in which an individual can’t control its movement in sleep or wakefulness. Narcolepsy isn’t dangerous itself. However, its effects can be life-threatening. In this condition, the patient usually feels sleeplessness at night. In the day time, the patient falls asleep while walking, driving, studying or working in the office. If a person falls asleep while driving on the road, then he can cause a threat to his and other people life.
If a patient experiences this condition for more than a month, he should visit the doctor for medical attention. This condition can also become severe. In addition, this condition causes daytime drowsiness. In this condition, they also experience unexpected and temporary loss of muscle control. This loss of muscle control is quiet threatening and can also cause a threat to the patient’s life. Narcolepsy is a condition which is less common than other sleep disorders.
Types of Narcolepsy
There are two major types of Narcolepsy. These types include Narcolepsy with cataplexy and type 2 is Narcolepsy without cataplexy. According to a survey, the most common type of Narcolepsy is Cataplexy. This condition is more common in children.
The symptoms of Narcolepsy can vary according to the condition and severity of the disorder. However, common symptoms include:
Significant daytime sleepiness – Daytime drossiness is probably the first and common symptom of Narcolepsy. It decreases the ability to perform daily tasks. Furthermore, it also affects the efficiency of doing work.
Cataplexy – In this condition, the patient experienced a sudden but temporary loss of muscle tone. This condition usually occurs due to intense emotions. These intense emotions might include laughter, fear, anger and excitement. Narcolepsy with cataplexy usually occurs due to
Hallucination – This is a less common condition. However, over time it can become a common condition. This happens when a patient falls asleep or during walking. For example, a victim might see strangers in bedrooms, which never occurs.
Sleep paralysis – People with Narcolepsy often experience an inability to move or speak while falling asleep. This is a temporary condition and lasts for a few seconds. However, this condition can become a cause of the accident while driving a vehicle.
Researchers are unable to find the exact cause of Narcolepsy. However, they give a statement that people who have type 1 narcolepsy have a low level of hypocretin in their brain. Hypocretin is a chemical in the brain to regulate helpfulness and rapid eye movement sleep.
Hypocretin is extremely low in people who have cataplexy. You can also say that hypocretin level decreases in the brain due to cataplexy.
There are a few risk factors that can develop or contribute to Narcolepsy. These factors include:
Age – narcolepsy can develop in people of 10 to 30 year age.
Family history – Risk of Narcolepsy can raise up to 40% if one of your family members has Narcolepsy.
Obesity – People who have Narcolepsy is usually overweight. This may happen due to low metabolism.
Physical harm – Physical harm can occur during sleep attack. If you are driving a vehicle sleep attack can cause you physical damage.
Public misunderstanding – Daytime sleepiness can cause a severe problem in your professional and personal life.
Interference with intimate relationship – Intense feelings such as the feeling of anger or joy can cause affect.
Many researchers state that cataplexy is uncurable. Patients of Narcolepsy might suffer from this condition for the whole life. However, in the treatment, you can decrease its effects and symptoms and can improve daytime functioning. To increase sleep quality at night, you can use medication. You can also buy Zopiclone tablets online to increase disorders related to sleep.
Increasing bright light exposure at daytime can also help you to decrease sleep-related problems. The patient who has sleep problems should also avoid alcohol intake before going to bed.