Recently, the topic of surrogacy in India has picked up, largely due to mainstream icons opting for it. Children born through surrogacy of Bollywood stars like Shahrukh Khan, Karan Johar, Tushar Kapoor, and others have brought the topic to the forefront. However, there are still apprehensions when it comes to surrogacy. If you are considering surrogacy as an option, here are the top three things you need to consider:
Know The Legalities
Since the Lok Sabha passed the Surrogacy Bill in 2016, the laws around surrogacy in India have been made tougher. Some of the key items that you need to know are:
- The new regulation makes it impossible for a non-Indian to have an Indian surrogate.
- Only Indian couples who have been legally married for at least five years will be allowed to opt for surrogacy.
- The couple needs medical documents to showcase their inability to have a child under normal conditions.
- The surrogate mother is allowed to be a surrogate only once and should be a close relative on the intending couple.
- The surrogate mother should be married and having children of her own and between the age of 25-35 years.
- Couples having a biological or adopted child cannot opt for surrogacy.
- The surrogate mother will have to be provided for 16-months postpartum delivery complication covered under insurance.
- The authorities may take up to 90-days to grant or reject applications for various certificates and authorizations.
Types Of Surrogacy
Most are not aware that there are two kinds of surrogacy options that the couple can opt for. The two kinds are:
Traditional Surrogate: In this method, the surrogate mother gets artificially inseminated with the father’s sperm. The mother carries the baby and delivers it for the couple to raise it. In the traditional surrogate process, the surrogate is the baby’s biological mother.
Gestational Surrogate: Also called in vitro fertilization (IVF), the method makes to possible to gather eggs from the mother, fertilize them with the father’s sperm and then place the developed embryo in the uterus of a surrogate mother. Here, the surrogate mother is just the ‘birth mother’ while the biological mother is the one whose egg was used for fertilization. Since this method provides the baby to be linked with both parents, it is most preferred.
Be Picky When Choosing a Surrogate
When picking a surrogate mother, the new laws limit the options for couples. However, there are still a few guidelines to keep in mind when choosing the surrogate mother.
Some of the things you should be aware of are listed below:
- The surrogate mother should be a relative and someone you know very well since she will have a connection with your child too.
- Have the doctor do a thorough check of the surrogate to ensure she is healthy and fit for pregnancy. Since the process is long and there are not many options, it is best to take all the necessary steps in advance.
- The surrogate mother should be checked for infectious diseases such as syphilis, gonorrhoea, chlamydia, HIV, cytomegalovirus, and hepatitis B and C. She should also be immune to measles, rubella (German measles), and chickenpox.
- The cost of surrogacy is high, so the couple should make financial arrangements to ensure smooth sailing in both the pre-pregnancy and post-pregnancy phases.
Surrogacy is a great option for a couple who are having issues having a normal pregnancy. However, if there are complications, the couple has several other options like adoption to be a parent.
If you still have more questions on the subject, it is best to speak with a medical doctor to get more details and take proper guidance! Reach out to us to know about the various surrogacy clinics in Delhi.