Breast cancer is the commonest invasive cancer in women. It is the second main reason of cancer death in women second to lung cancer. It is true that advances in screening and treatment have enhanced survival rates dramatically since the year 1989. There are nearly 3.1 million breast cancer survivors in regions like the United States.
The chance of any female dying because of breast cancer is nearly one in thirty-seven, or you can take it at 2.7 percent. Certainly, if you talk to the doctors like the best cancer doctors in Chennai timely and the problem gets diagnosed at the initial stage, you can experience utmost affectivity. Awareness of the signs and the requirement for screening are vital ways of diminishing the risk. You have to understand that breast cancer can affect males too but here you would know just about breast cancer in women.
- Breast cancer is the commonest cancer among women.
- Signs include a lump or condensing of the breast, and changes to the skin or nipple.
- The risk factors can be genetic, but some lifestyle factors, like alcohol consumption, can make it more probable to happen.
- A huge range of treatments is available like that of surgery, radiation therapy, and even chemotherapy.
- There are various breast lumps that are not cancerous, but any female who is concerned about a lump or change must see a doctor.
Symptoms of breasts cancer
The foremost symptoms of breast cancer are generally an area of clotted tissue in the breast or a lump in your breast or in an armpit. A timely diagnosis of breast cancer enhances the chance of recovery. Anyhow some of the other signs of breast cancer are like:
- a pain in the breast or armpits that does not change with the monthly cycle
- pitting or redness of your skin of the breast, like the skin of that of an orange
- a rash near or on one of the nipples
- a discharge from one of the nipples, possibly having blood
- a dipped or inverted nipple
- an alteration in the size or shape of a breast
- flaking, peeling or scaling of the skin on breast or nipple
Remember that most of the lumps are not cancerous, but women should get them checked by a health care professional.
What are the stages?
Cancer is staged as per the size of the tumour and whether it has scattered to lymph nodes or other areas of the body. There are various ways of staging breast cancer. One way can be from stage zero to four, but these might be broken down into tinier stages.
It is known as ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS); the cells are restricted to within a duct and have not attacked surrounding tissues.
At the starting of this stage, the tumour is up to two centimetres (cm) across and it has not impacted any lymph nodes.
The tumour is 2 cm across and it has begun to spread to nearby nodes.
The tumour is up to five cm across and it might have spread to some lymph nodes.
Cancer has reached and spread to distant organs, especially the liver, bones, brain, or lungs.
What are the causes of breast cancer?
After the time of puberty, the breast of women consists of connective tissue, fat, and thousands of lobules, small glands that generate milk for breastfeeding. Tiny tubes, or ducts, take the milk toward the nipple.
During cancer, the cells of the body multiply uncontrollably. It is the extreme cell growth that triggers cancer. You know breast cancer generally starts in the inner lining of milk ducts or that of the lobules that supply them with milk. From this point, they can spread to the other areas of the body.
What are the risk factors?
The precise cause remains unclear, but some of the risk factors make it more probable. Some of these are avertable.
The danger increases with age. At twenty years, the chance of inviting breast cancer in the next decade is 0.6 percent. By the age group of seventy years, this figure climbs up to 3.84 percent.
In case a close relative has or has had, breast cancer, the danger of having breast cancer is higher. Remember females who carry the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes have a bigger risk of developing breast cancer or ovarian cancer or even both. These genes can be congenital. TP53 is another popular gene that is associated with a greater breast cancer risk.
Females who have had breast cancer before are more probable to have it again, compared to the ones who have no history of the ailment. To have some kinds of benign or non-cancerous breast lumps enhances the chance of growing cancer later on. Examples can be like atypical ductal hyperplasia or even lobular carcinoma in situ.
Oestrogen exposure and breastfeeding
Staying exposed to estrogenic for a longer duration appears to enhance the danger of breast cancer. It might be due to beginning periods earlier or entering menopause later than normal. Between these times, the estrogenic levels are really higher. Moreover, breastfeeding, mainly for over 1 year, appears to diminish the chance of developing breast cancer. It is maybe because pregnancy followed by breastfeeding diminishes exposure to estrogenic.
Thick breast tissue
You know breast cancer is more probable to develop in higher density breast tissue.
Body weight matters
Women who are overweight or have extreme obesity after menopause could have a higher danger of developing breast cancer. It is possibly because of higher levels of estrogenic. High sugar intake could also be a factor.
A higher rate of regular alcohol intake appears to play a vital role. Studies have shown that females who intake more than three drinks a day have a 1.5 times higher danger. So, if you are one of such females you need to curtail your habit of excessive drinking.
So, reach out to the best cancer doctors in Chennai and find out if you are healthy or not. Timely diagnoses are the key to getting recovery from breast cancer.