Eczema is basically the condition when a person acquires patchy and cracked skin. This can increase further and lead to rashes, skin inflammation and even blisters and bleeding. Eczema is common, and anyone can become prone to it due to the inability of your skin to resist the environmental factors hampering the skin as per test results of many clinical trials. If you are continuously noticing red patches and rashes on your child’s skin or even on your neck or some other body parts, then it is high time that you consult a doctor for the same. Here is a guide that will let you know about all the symptoms of Eczema, its causes and treatment methods.

Symptoms of Eczema

The symptoms of Eczema may vary person to person depending on their age factor and may show different effects. It may not be the same for different individuals and may occur in different areas of your body. Eczema gives a person affected by it an itchy sensation, but this also varies from person to person. In some cases, the itch is mild and ordinary, but in some cases, it can go far beyond the normal itching sensation and turn out to be at its worse. The itchy feeling can also cause inflamed skin and even result in blood oozing out of the skin due to continuous scratching.

Symptoms of Eczema in children below two years
  • Rashes on cheeks and scalps
  • Itchy rashes which cause sleeping disorder and skin infection
Symptoms of Eczema in children above two years
  • Rashes behind knees and elbows, buttocks, neck, etc.
  • Bumpy rashes and cracked skin
  • Darkening or lightening of rashes
  • Rashes becoming thick and forming knots causing itchy and prickling sensation
Symptoms of Eczema in adults
  • Rashes usually occur in the folds of knees, elbows, neck and usually spreads on a major area of the affected part
  • Dry skin and redness
  • Blisters and grainy appearance on the skin
  • Scabs and crusts
  • Worse itching condition
  • Formation of scaly patches
  • Skin infection
  • Irritated skin

Causes of Eczema

Healthy skin is loved by all and has the ability to retain moisture to fight the environmental conditions. But there are chances of your skin being hit by external agents that may cause irritation, entry of bacteria, dryness moisture loss, infection, etc. which can be a hindrance to your healthy skin. Thus develops the chances of acquiring eczema which may cause irritation and inflammation in the skin. Eczema is a condition which hinders the ability of the skin to provide protection against environmental factors. Here are a few elements which can be a reason for acquiring eczema

  • Genetic mutation
  • Dust allergic condition
  • Irritation caused due to agents such as detergent, soap, etc.
  • Emotional stress
  • Skin dryness

Treatment for Eczema

Continuous Scratching can cause more irritation to the skin and can further result in inflammation and bleeding as well. The treatment methods aim at relieving the pain and itching sensation. Here are a few treatments that you can undertake to manage eczema symptoms.

Wet dressing

Wet dressing proves to be an effective method for treating Eczema and help in reducing the symptoms for the same. The medical practitioners apply a cream known as corticosteroid to the affected area and further shield it with a wet dressing. These wet dressings are then sheathed with dry bandages and thus proves to be effective in treating patients suffering from Eczema.

Steroid Creams

Steroid creams such as Hydrocortisone in combination with anti-itch lotions such as calamine, camphor, etc. can also be used for lowering down the effects of rashes. It should be applied after washing the affected area with hypoallergenic soaps to attain better results.

Oral medications

If a patient suffers from Eczema that is not restricted to a single body part, then there are more chances that the doctors will prescribe medical prescriptions. So consult a doctor if you are suffering from severe eczema.


Eczema patients who do not get relief even after applying prescribed creams and taking oral medications can go in for light therapy. In this method, the affected area is exposed to ultraviolet rays which gives effective results and causes improvement though it may take a month or two.


A dermatologist can also prescribe you injectable medications which can help in providing relief from the skin inflammation that it might cause on the affected area. These are basically antibiotics which can lower down the harsh effects of Eczema.

Apart from these methods, there are other home remedies as well that you can follow to have a healthy skin. It is always said prevention is better than cure thus take a step ahead to keep your skin healthy and to keep Eczema symptoms under control.

Wrapping Up

So if you are someone who is suffering from any similar symptoms, make sure that you consult a dermatologist before the condition turns out to be worse and unbearable. They can help you with the therapies and medication to save you from the pain of suffering the symptoms of eczema.