Painful urination is a broad term that describes the pain and discomfort during the urination. This pain may occur in the urethra, bladder, or perineum. The urethra is the tube that carries urine outside our body. In men, the specific area between the anus and scrotum is known as the perineum.
In women, the perineum is the area between the anus and opening of the vagina. Painful urination is very common these days. The pain burning and stinging during urination can be due to various medical conditions.
What causes painful urination?
Pain during urination is a common sign of a urinary tract infection (UTI). This can also due to the bacterial infection or due to the inflammation of the urinary tract.
As defined above, the urethra, bladder, and urethras and kidney make up your urinary tract. Inflammation or swelling in any of these organs can cause pain during urination.
According to a survey, women are more likely to develop UTI than men. It is because the urethra in women is shorter than men. A shorter urethra means there is a short distance for bacteria to travel to reach the bladder. Women who are pregnant or menopausal also have a high risk of developing urinary tract infection.
Painful urination in men can be due to prostatitis. This condition is the inflammation of the prostate gland. It’s a primary cause of burning, and discomfort while urinating.
You may also face painful urination if you have (STI) sexually transmitted infection. Some ST infections that can cause painful urination are genital herpes, Chlamydia, and gonorrhoea. It is important to see your general physician for these infections, as they don’t always have symptoms.
Another symptom of painful urination is inflammation of the bladder’s lining. (IC) Interstitial Cystitis is also known as painful bladder syndrome. Symptoms include tenderness and pain in the bladder and pelvic region. According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease (NIDDK), doctors actually don’t know the causes of IC.
Treatment Option for painful urination
The doctor prescribes medication to treat painful urination.
Antibiotics can treat UTIs, bacterial and sexual transmitted infections. Doctors may also give you medication to make your irritated bladder calm. Drugs used to treat IC are pentosan polysulfate sodium (Elmiron) with codeine.
You can buy codeine and other pain medicine online to treat the pain radiating in the bladder and urethral area. Remember that pain medicine is only to relax the nerves and produces calming effects. You also should use antibiotic to cure the infection.
Prevention of Painful Urination
By doing some minor changes in your daily routine you can prevent the risk of painful urination. You can use condoms during sex to keep yourself safe from STI. Change your diet plan and remove the foods and drinks that irritate your bladder and disturb urine flow.
Research shows that there are some foods that should avoid if you want to prevent painful urination. Common irritants that should be avoided include caffeine, alcohol, and spicy foods, citrus fruits and artificial sweeteners.
You should also avoid acidic foods to help bladder heal. Try to use bland and thin diet for several weeks while you are receiving medical treatment.