What Is The Spinal Cord Injury? What Are The Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis Of It?

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The spinal cord organ which connected with nerves that travels from the bottom of the brain down your back. Thirty-one pairs of nerves leave in the spinal cord and go to your arms, legs, chest, and abdomen. The spinal cord is a large, light, tubular structure built up of sensitive tissue, that elongates from the medulla oblongata in the brainstem to the lumbar area of the vertebral column. Well, it consists of nerves that carry incoming and outgoing messages within the brain and the rest of the body.

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It is a delicate part while compared to all other body parts that if it damages with any mistake, you can’t repair it quickly.  These will occur when there is damage to the spinal cord either from trauma, loss of its regular blood supply, or compression from tumor or infection.

If spinal cord injury at an upper portion the neck can cause quadriplegia-paralysis of both arms and both legs. If the damage to the spinal cord occurs lower in the back, it can cause paraplegia-paralysis of both legs only.

Causes:

Most of the spinal cord injury commonly affected by trauma. Most of this injury occurs while falls from heights and accidents happen due to vehicles, etc. It also affected by compression of the cord by a tumor, inflammation, or infection.

Some persons we see with smaller than usual spinal canal which is called spinal stenosis and are at a higher risk of damage to the spinal cord. All tissues in your body including the spinal cord need a good blood supply to carry oxygen and other nutrients.

Spinal Cord Injury

Symptoms:

Your ability to control your legs after a spinal cord injury depends on two factors: the area of the damage along with the spinal cord and the hardness of injury to the spinal cord.

  • If its injuries complete all sensory and all ability to control movement is lost below the spinal cord injury It is called complete spinal cord injury.
  • Incomplete injury has some motor or sensory function below the affected area.

Some Of The Common Symptoms Which Occurred In Both Complete And Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury:

  • Loss of bowel or bladder control
  • Loss of movement
  • Exaggerated reflex activities or spasms
  • Loss or altered sensation, including the capacity to feel heat, cold and touch
  • Effort or an intense stinging feeling caused by damage to the nerve fibers in your spinal cord
  • Trouble breathing, coughing or clearing secretions from your lungs

Symptoms

Diagnosis:

For this severe injury, a doctor may able to test smartly to the spinal cord injury and testing for sensitive function and movement, and by examining some questions about the accident to understand what to need for the next step. If a patient says neck pain, then it is dangerous that need to do emergency diagnostic tests to know what happens to the spinal cord to treat it immediately. In that, this test will be involved while examining the injury with diagnosis test.

X-rays:

Medical department orders these tests on people who are producing spinal cord injury after trauma. X-rays can show vertebral (spinal column) problems, tumors, fractures or degenerative changes in the spine clearly. And with this doctors can explain to the patients what happens inside of the spinal cord.

Computerized Tomography (CT) Scan:

A CT scan may show a better look at spinal cord while comparing day. It uses a computer to scan the part near infected to form a series of cross-sectional pictures that can define disk, bone, and other effects.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging:

MRI uses a magnetic field and radio waves to get computer-generated images. This test is vital for looking at the spinal cord and recognizing blood clots, herniated disks, or other portions that may be reducing the spinal cord.