The medical discipline of Urology concerns itself with the medical and surgical diseases related to the male reproductive organs, and female/male UTS (urinary tract system). Hence, the diseases which come under the ambit of Urology affect organs including urinary bladder, kidneys, adrenal glands, urethra and ureters. The male reproductive organs included under urology include the penis, prostate, seminal vesicles, vas deferens, epididymis and testis. A urologist is a urology specialist doctor who specializes in the diseases related to the urinary tract of both males and females, and the reproductive system of the male.

What medical conditions do the Urology Specialists treat?

A Urology doctor uses both surgical and non-surgical methods and treatment courses for treating medical diseases affecting the different organs of the body. For instance, non-surgical methods including medications can be used for treating infections occurring in the urinary tract and the medical condition of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Surgical procedures may be used by a Urologist for treating stones within the kidney, prostate cancer, traumatic injury, congenital abnormality, and stress caused incontinence among other disorders.

Urology specialists may treat you for conditions including:

  • Genitourinary tumours
  • Prostate cancer
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Kidney failure or Renal 
  • Renal insufficiency and diseases
  • Renal transplant
  • Obstructive uropathy
  • Ureteral or kidney stones (calculi)
  • Trauma (often occurs after an accident)
  • Sexual infertility and dysfunctions in men
  • Reconstructive surgery

Sub-Specialities of Urology and Urology Specialist

The urinary system is in itself very intricate and the study of diseases related to male reproductive organs and system further expand the scope of Urology. There are many subspecialty areas within the urology medical segment. These include:

  • Female Urology
  • Paediatric Urology
  • Neurourology
  • Urologic oncology
  • Urinary tract stones
  • Renal transplantation
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Male infertility

Hence, it is important for you to see a specialist when you face any of the conditions related to Urology.

Signs and Symptoms of Medical diseases related to Urology

When the disease relates to the urinary tract and urinary tract system, both men and women exhibit similar kinds of symptoms. You should see a urologist when you are affected by:

Incontinence: Accidental leakage of urine. It may occur more frequently.

Heaviness or pressure: Urologic disease may also show the symptom of a constant and persistent pressure that may occur near the kidneys, bladder, or urethra. The pressure subsidizes when the affected person lies down.

Sexual issues: Women and men avoid sexual intercourse as sex triggers leakage from the bladder.

While it is the gynaecologist who treats the medical conditions related to the female reproductive organs and system, Urology specialist does treat the sexual diseases that occur to the male reproductive system. Men should visit and consult a urologist if they face symptoms including:

  • Testicular mass
  • Urine containing blood
  • Erectile dysfunction or lowering of sexual desire
  • Pain within the lower abdominal region
  • Difficulty in urination

Always choose a multispecialty hospital for getting treated for a Urology disease as these hospitals are attended by a panel of urology specialists and all the sub specialities of Urology experts are present here.

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